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Yangtze River ＂Sam Sun＂
In the south the land of plenty, especially in the Yangtze middle and lower reaches, due to where mild climate, moderate rainfall, the environment is superior, so in this part of the waters, particularly rich in aquatic products, especially anchovy, saury, and puffer fish as a wine on the table treasures, but also the famous southern cuisine.
► (1) shad shad Xingzhuang Si big bream, silver and white, scales fat and tender, refreshing, most people fat, so you can eat flake. According to "Compendium of Materia Medica" record: when the early summer, had no more than a month, hence the name.Every year from May to June, from the coastal shad swim the Yangtze River, feeding egg-laying, when the fisherman casting a net boat, you can start capturing.
shad in the food, it can be used to steamed or stewed cooking food, especially delicious taste, fragrance is not greasy. The shad are classified as ancient emperor's "imperial" Zhen Yao.Shad can also be used as medicine, there is swelling, temperature spleen, lungs and the effect. Shad as the local staple of China's south, is now sold in Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore, the United States. However, in recent years, due to such factors as excessive capture, output has fallen now on the verge of exhaustion.
current shad have been gradually replaced by the fish to return.Back to the fish are the waters of southern rivers, freshwater names of fish, juveniles pale white, it is also known as white Coilia nasus, Jiang group. None of the fishes body scales smooth, flat front, rear side of flat, generally about 60-100 cm, pale gray, you can capture all four seasons, spring and summer in order to yield the highest, is a luxury southern seasonal cuisine.You can burn the fish soup, braised or stir-fried. Its taste delicious, tender meat without thorns, swim bladder with glial, in particular, hypertrophy, in the top grade food for the belly. Regular consumption of fish is said to return to fitness of the effectiveness of beauty.
► (2) saury saury, the shape is like butcher knives, silver and white, so called saury. Of the fish were large for more than half a catty, small in the 22 below.
began in late February from a year to capture, to "Spring Comes" (early May) after a generally late March to April in mid-season for the capture, saying such a proverb in rural areas, "Chunchao fog out of saury" is a clear demonstration in late March to April in mid-season capture. Ching Ming Festival, the saury the meat grows older, known as "old knife." saury in the southern waters of all rivers are caught, the best waters in the Yangtze River downstream of the Dah Sing to the 11 called on the river outside the port. In the capture, useful boat nets to capture, and in the pull along the river network and interrupt-based networks and other methods to capture. saury subtle fragrance of the delicate flesh, rich in protein, but more than fine wool bone spurs. When the scales do not eat, you can burn soup, stewed, or steamed, with its taste is very delicious. If you go after the fish bones and thorns, but also can be made into knife fish noodles and fish balls, etc., or stew made of saury ravioli, unique flavor.
celebrity scholar Liu Sung-jae has praise poem reads: "shoulder-Song At first glance thunder, gill red new water. Mao Gui pepper, incense floating immature nose." Rating can be said Yoshio.
► (3) pufferfish Fugu, also known as "river pig" and its body shape, large tail is small, the first round mouth is small, self-inflatable body, such as when the spherical, it was also known as "drums and child", back dark brown, with pattern, abdominal stab a white meat, no scales. puffer fish was originally offshore, in the spring when the tour into the lower reaches of the Yangtze River to lay eggs, so every year a time when "rain" when the fishermen began to capture, in rural areas saying goes, "cat is called positive, puffer fish get up. " Song Dynasty "Ming-magazine" called puffer as "aquarium in the strange flavor," eat puffer fish can be cooked, its taste exotic and delicious. As the saying goes: "eaten puffer fish, 100 food tasteless." However, the puffer fish blood, liver, leaf lard, and egg mass containing highly toxic, killing, cooking requirements were rather strict, somewhat carelessly, will be poisoned after eating, if not rescued in time, then there is life risk. Therefore, the "desperate to eat puffer fish do." experienced and skilled chefs, to eggs, in addition to blood, boil fish oil, careful cooking the liver, will not be poisoned by eating. puffer fish is not only delicious but also rich in nutrition, there is tonic, dewetting, Shu stomach, dispels the effectiveness of hemorrhoids. Fugu After being handled, can be made into frozen fish fillets, or canned food, but also from the liver, ovary, egg mass to extract elements pufferfish, Fugu acid expensive drugs, with a very high economic and practical value.